How to prevent STD/STIs

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Written by lizzy adie

What is STD? It simply means Sexually Transmitted Diseases or Infections. STD as the name implies can be contacted during an unprotected sex with an infected person or genital contact. This are some of the tips among many that will help you prevent and protect your self from contacting this diseases.
     STD is been contacted through an unprotected sex with an infected person . It is commonly spread by sex, especially vaginal intercourse, anal sex, and oral sex. Most sexually transmitted diseases do not have symptoms.
    We have over 20 different bacteria, parasites and viruses that causes STDs. Bacteria include: gonorrhoea, chlamydia and syphilis among other ones.  Virus include: genital herpes, genital warts, HIV/AIDS, hepatitis B, hepatitis C etc.  Parasitic infections include: trichomoniasis, yeast infection, scabies.  This are usually spread or contacted during an unprotected sex with an infected partner. It can also be contacted by contaminated blood and tissue, childbirth or during breastfeeding. Most people don’t experience any symptoms so they are unaware they are infected.
     Chlamydia can cause pain or a burning sensation when urinating, a vaginal discharge, bleeding during or after sex or even between periods, and heavy periods. Chlamydia in men can cause burning sensation or pain when urinating, a white cloudy or watery discharge from the tip of the penis, pain in the testicles.
    Syphilis is a bacterial infection that does not cause pain but is highly infectious and causes sore on the genital or around the mouth, rash and patchy hair loss may also develop. Late stage of syphilis usually occurs after  some years and causes serious complications such as heart problem, blindness, etc. Blood test is usually carried out to diagnose syphilis at any stage and proper treatment should be done.
    Scabies is caused by tiny mites that penetrate into the skin. It can be passed on through close body or sexual contact, infected clothing or towels. Scabies causes intensive itching especially at night. Itching around the breast, body,genital area, wrists and ankles. The good news is that, it can be easily treated with special creams , soaps or shampoos. Bathing with antiseptics liquid can also help.
       The best measures to take in preventing STD/STIs. is abstinence from sex. Other measures includes, the use of condoms, avoid multiple sex partner,  proper body care should be taken seriously to prevent skin infections such as scabies and pubic lice (crabs), and proper care should also be given to the convinence(toilet) to prevent infections.